Wigs 101 – Wig Terms to Know | The Wig Company

Wigs 101:  Terms You Should Know

Between wig fibers, materials, cap construction, and advanced cap technology, there’s a whole vocabulary for wig rookies to learn. Here you’ll find definitions for all the terms you need to know to be an informed wig buyer. If you’re looking for hair extension terms, check out our Hair Extensions 101 guide.

Wig Terms

Kanekalon:  All TWC wigs and hairpieces are made with Kanekalon synthetic fibers. Creating the natural look of human hair, TWC’s synthetic wigs are amazingly lifelike and durable. Styles stay set and colors remain vibrant. Kanekalon is the world's finest wig fiber for easy care and quick styling.

LiteLife Fiber:  A TWC exclusive from Kanekalon . Ultra-light, denier fiber combined with traditional fiber, resulting in more coverage and volume, and a wig that is up to 25% lighter.

Tru2Life, Excelle, HD Heat Defiant Synthetic Wig Fibers:  innovative new fibers that are heat-friendly synthetic fibers. They allow for thermal styling tools such as curling irons, flat irons, and electric curlers to be used to change the style of your wig.

Falls:  The new 3/4 cap Fall design of today is an abbreviated version of a wig. Today's Falls offer almost full coverage of the head while providing plenty of ventilation and a secure fit. Unlike the solid hard dome-like foundation of traditional Falls of the 60s and 70s that were positioned at the top and crown area of the head. The 3/4 cap Fall design is positioned 1" to 1 ½" just behind the front and side hairlines allowing the blending of the front and sides of your hair in with the Fall to create the look of a natural head of hair.

Wig Cap Construction Terms

Extended Nape:  An added extension sewn to the bottom of the wig cap base just below the Velcro sizing adjustments. The feature of an extended nape allows more coverage of the nape hairline. Wearers are usually able to tuck stray neckline hair under this extended nape. This is the most common neckline feature.

Flexible, Open Ear Tabs:  A soft inner wire that allows ear tabs to adjust and contour to the face at your temple.

Hand-tied Hairlines:  Intricate hand-stitching of individual fibers at the front and side hairline for a natural appearance.

Inside Wefting:  An economical alternative to a hand-tied hairline. This machine-sewn fiber weft softens the wigs front and side hairlines.

Miracle Criss-Cross Wefting:  A cost-efficient method of adding greater front and top styling versatility. Criss-cross wefting allows the fiber to naturally brush in all directions.

Natural Look  Neckline:  The standard ½" nape extension is eliminated completely. If you have a short neck and experience discomfort at your neckline, try wigs with this feature.

Natural Skin Monofilament:  A section of extra-fine-grade nylon monofilament with hand-tied fibers usually in the top of wig. It duplicates the look of the human scalp.

Perma-Lift :  Shorter teased fibers sewn at base of cap that provides lift for built-in height and volume where needed.

Perma Tease :  "Crimped" fiber at base of cap, adds body without teasing and tangling.

Stretch Ribbon Lace:  The foundation frame of a wig cap with added stretch and security.

Total Capless Construction:  Open wefted base all over cap, no closed fabric sections on cap. The result is a cooler and lighter weight wig.

Velcro  Sizing Adjustments:  Two Velcro  tabs allow you to adjust your wig up to 1" larger or smaller for a comfortable fit.

Velvet Comfort Band:  1" to 1½" of soft velvet-like fabric at the inside front of wig cap increases comfort and security.

Velvet Lined Front:  An economical alternative to the Velvet Comfort Band. The ¼" to ½" velvet-like fabric is sewn to the front underside of the wig.

Soft Flex Combs:  Tiny, flexible, weightless combs for added security.

Lace Front:  A natural growth, low-density hairline is achieved with this 1 ½” virtually sheer lace front. Style versatility allows for off-the-face parting at the hairline.

Soft Stretch Ear Tabs:  Soft, expandable fabric attached to the ear tab resulting in a contoured custom fit.

Soft Stretch Hairline:  A lighter, cooler front hairline with moderate, soft stretch.

Soft Stretch Sides:  A special fabric that eases tension between the ear and nape.

Soft Weave Wefting:  A cooler cap design that allows more air flow to your scalp and better fiber movement for added styling versatility.